Kerala Wildlife Safari

Periyar National Park

Set high in the ranges of the Western Ghats, in God’s Own Country, Kerala, is the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. Periyar wildlife sanctuary has a picturesque lake at the heart of the sanctuary. Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this reservoir meanders around the contours of the wooded hills, providing a permanent source of water for the local wildlife. Though it’s a Tiger Reserve, tourists come here to view the Indian elephants in the act of ablution and playfulness by the Periyar lake.

Taking a boat ride in the Periyar Lake to view the wild animals of the sanctuary offers a mesmerizing experience. The major attractions of this sanctuary are elephants. You will also have opportunity to see Tigers, Barking Deer, Wild Pigs, Mouse Deer, Gaur, Nilgai, Langur, etc.

The birdlife comprises of Darters, Cormorants, Kingfishers, the great Malabar Hornbill and racket-tailed Drongoes. The reptilian population boasts Of Monitor Lizards that can be spotted basking in the sun, on the rocks along the lakeshore. Visitors who trek into the Periyar national park often see a Python and sometimes even a King Cobra.

Boat cruises make the best option to check out the wilds of Periyar Sanctuary. Today the Periyar Lake presents an excellent boating spot for tourists. Although it is unusual to see many animals from the boats, still you spot a family of Elephants, Wild Boar, and Sambar Deer by the water's edge.


  Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

The Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, lies 16 kilometers east of Sultan Bathery in North Kerala. The Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its tigers, elephants, and lush evergreen and deciduous forests. The sanctuary, spread over an area of 345 square kilometers, is rich in flora and fauna, and is one of the biodiversity hotspots of Kerala.

At the Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, you can see many of the animals and birds the lush Western Ghats are famous for. The tigers are shy creatures, given to roaming about in their solitary habitat. You will be lucky to catch sight of one. The more gregarious elephants can be seen roaming about in herds, playing with the young ones or bathing in the muddy waters in order to cool off. Apart from these larger mammals, you will also come across many varieties of deer, like sambar, barking deer and mouse deer. The smaller inhabitants of the Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary include porcupines, squirrels, and many kinds of insects like butterflies and moth. The wild boar is also a fierce inhabitant of the Muthanga Wildlife sanctuary, and startled visitors will often hear them crashing through the underbrush.

The birds at the Muthanga Wildlife sanctuary include woodpeckers, hornbills, eagles and kites, apart from smaller birds like the egrets and kingfishers. the forests resound with bird calls early in the morning, and at dusk, when the birds gather to roost. In the afternoons, you might hear the sound of a solitary cuckoo calling to the passerby.

The Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary is one of Wayanad region's biodiversity hotspots. From lush tropical flora to deciduous forests at higher elevation levels, the Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary has an astonishing diversity of plant life.

  Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

This sanctuary extends over the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluks of Idukki district, spreading over 77 sq. km and is about 450 - 748 m above sea level. The Idukki Reservoir formed by three dams - Cheruthoni, Idukki and Kulamavu - extends to 33 sq km.

There is a scenic lake around the sanctuary, covered by an enchanting canopy of tropical ever-green and deciduous trees, and offers boat rides. Elephants, bisons, bear, wild boars, sambar wild dogs, jungle cats, tiger, wild boar etc are seen here apart from various species of snakes including cobra, viper, kraits and numerous non-poisonous ones. Birds include jungle fowl, myna, laughing thrush, black bulbul, peafowl, woodpecker, kingfisher etc.

 Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary is located about 50kms. north east of Thiruvananthapuram city in Nedumangad taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district. The forests of Peppara Wildlife sanctuary constitute the catchment of Peppara dam constructed across Karamana river. The major mammals include elephant, gaur, sambar, barking deer, mouse deer, wild boar, tiger, panther, wild dog, lion tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Malabar squirrel etc. Water birds like darter, little cormorant, pied king fisher and egrets are also common. Many kinds of snakes including the king cobra and python are also present in this sanctuary. The area has a variety of moth and butterflies.

 Eravikulam National Park

The beautiful Eravikulam National Park is situated in the high ranges of the southern western ghats, a short distance from the tea town of Munnar. The place is especially known for supporting a large population of the Nilgiri tahr, a mountain goat seen in parts of south India

The national park has a large variety of flora and fauna with over 26 species of mammals, 132 species of birds, 101 species of butterflies, 19 species of amphibians and 20 species of orchids already registered in the park books.

Besides the Nilgiri tahr, other fauna found in the park includes the elephant, Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri marten, small-clawed otter and a rare tiger or leopard. Avian residents register their presence with over hundred species including the Nilgiri wood pigeon, Kerala laughing thrush and the white bellied shortwing. Other added attractions of the place are the beautiful and colorful butterflies and the blooming orchids.

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

Parambikulam is located in Palakkad district of Kerala state, south India. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, established in 1973 is a Sungam range sprawling over 285 km². It is at a distance of 135 km from Palakkad town and is situated adjacent to the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, including all of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.

Besides being an abode of elephants, wild boar, sambar, Gaur, crocodiles, and a few tigers and panthers, it has rich diversity of flora and fauna. Trekking in the forest is allowed with prior permission. Boating is available at the reservoir. There is the Kannimara Teak Tree, which is said to be Asia’s largest, near Thunakadavu.